Rund ein Drittel der Schüler*innen in den beiden höchsten Jahrgangsstufen belegen das Fach Musik. Der Musikunterricht findet vor allem in Kursen mit grundlegendem Anforderungsniveau statt.

Im Schuljahr 2017/18 zählten die allgemein bildenden Schulen in Deutschland rund 623.000 Schüler*innen der beiden höchsten Jahrgangsstufen in der gymnasialen Oberstufe. Mehr als 191.000 wählten Musik als Kurs mit grundlegendem Anforderungsniveau (Grundkurs), also knapp 31 % der angehenden Abiturient*innen. In den Fächern der Sekundarstufe II mit erhöhtem Anforderungsniveau – den Leistungskursen – lag die Schülerzahl bei über 12.000 (1,9 %).

Während der Anteil der Schüler*innen, die Musik als Grundkurs wählen, seit 2002/03 insgesamt zunahm und seit dem Schuljahr 2015/16 auf demselben Niveau von etwas unter 31 % blieb, verzeichneten die Schüleranteile der Musik-Leistungskurse in den letzten Jahren einen Rückgang.

Tabelle
Entwicklung der Schülerzahlen seit 2002/03
Figure: Music pupils in final two years of grammar school (Gymnasium)

Note

The final two years of grammar school are qualification phases Q1 and Q2 for grammar schools with eight grade levels (G8), as well as grades 12 and 13 for those with nine grade levels (G9). To take into account the differing treatment of the final years of grammar school in Germany’s states, the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs (KMK) no longer speaks of ‘basic’ and ‘advanced’ courses, but of subjects with basic or higher standards (‘Vereinbarung zur Gestaltung der gymnasialen Oberstufe in der Sekundarstufe II’, KMK Resolution of 7 July 1972 in the version of 16 June 2016). At least two subjects with higher standards are mandatory in all states; a number of states have defined three or even four such subjects.

Statistik

Footnotes

  1. For grammar schools with eight grade levels (G8): Qualification phases Q1 and Q2. For those with nine grade levels (G9): grades 12 and 13.
  2. Total number of pupils according to information supplied by the Federal Statistical Office. From the 2008-09 school year a distinction has been made between grammar schools with eight years (G8) and nine years (G9). The figures cover both G8 and G9 grammar schools as well as integrated comprehensive schools, Waldorf schools and special schools.
  3. Number of pupils in the individual courses according to information supplied by the KMK. The figures include G8 and G9 grammar schools as well as integrated comprehensive schools, Waldorf schools and special schools.
  4. Since the 2011-12 school year music has no longer been taught in Bavaria as a subject with higher standards.

Quelleninformationen

Secretariat of the Standing Conference of the Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of the Länder of the Federal Republic of Germany, and various annual issues of the Federal Statistical Office’s Subject series 11, series 1.